Scoliosis is a condition that affects the curvature of the spine. It is a complex condition, and its causes are still not entirely understood. Scoliosis can occur at any age, but it most commonly appears in children between the ages of 10 and 15. While some cases of scoliosis may be mild, others can cause severe pain and discomfort, impacting an individual’s quality of life. In this blog post, we will dive deep into what causes scoliosis and who is at risk for developing it. We will also discuss the different types of scoliosis, symptoms across different age groups, and how it’s diagnosed. Additionally, we will explore treatment options such as exercises, bracing, surgery, and alternative therapies like chiropractic treatment or nutrient therapies. Lastly, we will answer your questions about the long-term effects and pain management techniques to alleviate symptoms. Understanding more about this condition can help you or someone you love take steps towards managing it effectively.

The Science Behind What Causes the Condition

Dealing with the condition can be overwhelming, especially when you don’t know what causes it. This condition has several potential causes, including genetics and environmental factors. Abnormal spinal development during childhood or adolescence, hormonal imbalances, and neuromuscular conditions may also play a key role in its development. The cause of scoliosis is not fully understood, but research is ongoing to better understand the condition. With early detection and effective treatment options such as braces, stretching exercises, injections, or even surgery like spinal fusion, managing the symptoms is possible while improving your quality of life.

Common Types of the condition

The condition can have several types based on their causes and symptoms. Idiopathic scoliosis, which often affects children, has genetic links. Degenerative curves result from the wear and tear on the spine over time. Neuromuscular cases are associated with neuromuscular disorders such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy. Congenital scoliosis occurs when there are spinal abnormalities present at birth. Early detection and treatment can help manage symptoms and prevent progression, improving the quality of life and posture. It is important to note that it can also affect the shoulder blade, causing discomfort and pain, especially in cases of arthritis.

Common Types of the condition

Symptoms in Different Age Groups

The condition affects people of different ages differently. Children with scoliosis often have uneven shoulders or hips, lean to one side, and have a prominent rib cage. Teens may experience back pain, an uneven waistline, and noticeable shoulder blades. Adults may suffer from back pain, spine stiffness, and breathing difficulties due to lung pressure. Elderly patients risk spinal compression fractures or nerve damage. There are multiple treatment options based on the severity of the curvature in relation to the patient’s age, including braces, physical therapy, and surgery to correct the curvature of the vertebra and torso.

Diagnosis- Physical Exam and Imaging

When an individual shows signs of scoliosis which can include uneven shoulder blades or hip/waist asymmetry, a healthcare provider conducts a physical examination to assess their condition. The healthcare provider might use imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or x-rays to determine both the degree of curvature and location of the abnormality. An early detection is crucial in treating this condition so routine screenings are suggested primarily for children and adolescents. The pelvis is an important area to examine during these screenings.

Who is at Risk for Scoliosis?

Girls have a higher risk than boys. The condition may be caused by genetics, medical issues, injuries, or spina bifida. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can help catch it early and prevent complications.

Who is at Risk for Scoliosis

What Causes Scoliosis and is it Genetic?

Girls are 7 times more likely to require treatment for scoliosis than boys. Family history increases the risk, as do some medical conditions like cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy. Knowing the type of scoliosis, specifically the spinal curve, backbone, is important for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Genetic testing for scoliosis

If you have a family history of the condition or suspect you may have the condition, talk to a ScoliSMART doctor about genetic testing. This simple saliva test can detect all of the 28 genetic variant groups linked to idiopathic scoliosis to further understand their medical history. It’s especially important for females who are more likely to need treatment in severe cases. By detecting it early through nutrient therapies and regular check-ups, you can better manage the curvature of your spine in an upright position and improve your quality of life.


To learn more about how to treat the whole condition and not only the curve, connect with our passionate providers at ScoliSMART. To explore a non-brace/ non-surgical treatment for your child’s condition, you may schedule a no-cost Zoom or phone consultation with a ScoliSMART doctor. Please get in touch with us today!

Nutrient therapies for scoliosis

Preventing spinal curvature progression is possible through nutrient therapies. Adolescents between the ages of 10 and 18 are at higher risk due to growth spurts; however, recent research suggests nutrient therapies could manage the condition effectively. Genetics play a crucial role in its development; those with family history may be at higher risk. Early detection and treatment can help improve quality of life significantly. Nutrient therapies can be an effective way to prevent spinal cord stress leading to curvature progression.

Why is Early Detection Important?

Early detection is crucial as it can affect people of all ages, but adolescent girls and those with family history or certain medical conditions are at higher risk of developing mild scoliosis. Timely screening can prevent the spinal curve from worsening and improve long-term outcomes.

How Can ScoliSMART Treatment Help Manage The Condition?

ScoliSMART is a comprehensive approach to managing scoliosis that combines specific rehabilitation and the ScoliSMART Activity Suit. It’s effective for people of all ages, but it’s typically used during growth spurts in childhood. The patented Activity Suit is an alternative to back bracing and can be used in a 5-10 day Scoliosis Boot Camp program.

Can Exercise Help Improve The Symptoms?

The condition can impact anyone, but it’s more common in adolescents and girls. Those with a family history of scoliosis are at higher risk. While exercise won’t cure scoliosis, it may help alleviate some symptoms of scoliosis, including bad posture and lower back pain and leg pain. Consult with a doctor or physical therapist for appropriate exercises and treatment plan.

What Are the Alternative Treatment Options?

The condition can affect anyone, but it is more commonly diagnosed in young people, especially girls and those with a family history or certain medical conditions. Alternative treatments for older adults include support groups, physical therapy, chiropractic care, back brace, bracing, and surgical treatment in severe cases. It’s important to consult with a doctor to determine the best course of action.

What Are the Alternative Treatment Options

What Are the Long-term Effects?

The impact of a spinal curve in the long run may differ based on its seriousness. It may lead to persistent back pain, breathing problems, and limited mobility. Additionally, severe curves can affect one’s self-confidence and body image. Early detection and treatment can assist in preventing or reducing the long-term consequences in adulthood. The uterus, also known as the womb, can also be affected by the condition, leading to potential complications during pregnancy. Numbness is another common symptom associated with spinal curves, and it is important to seek medical attention if you experience this symptom.

Treatment – Exercises, Bracing and Surgery

If you or someone you know has severe scoliosis, it’s important to understand the different types of treatment options available. Exercising regularly can help manage the condition by strengthening muscles and improving flexibility but may not correct the curvature. Bracing, including different types of braces, is rarely helpful in preventing further progression of the curve for children and adolescents. In severe cases where curvature exceeds 50 degrees, spinal fusion surgery with metal rods may be necessary to fuse the spine. Different surgical procedures are available depending on the severity and location of the curve to ensure a better quality of life.

Back Bracing – What Is It and How Does It Work?

A brace is worn to prevent further spinal curvature by applying targeted pressure and holding the spine in a straighter position. It’s commonly suggested for moderate to severe cases, and its effectiveness depends on age, severity of the curve, and consistent use.

Pain Management – Exercise, Medication, Chiropractic Treatment

If you’re struggling with symptoms such as back pain or discomfort, there are a few different pain management options available to you. One effective approach is exercise; both stretching and strengthening exercises can help improve your spinal alignment while also reducing your overall level of discomfort. Another option is medication; your doctor may prescribe pain relievers or muscle relaxants to manage the symptoms. Finally, there’s chiropractic treatment; spinal adjustments and mobilization techniques can be highly effective in improving spinal alignment and reducing pain.


Have Your Questions About What Causes Scoliosis Been Answered?

Though the exact cause of the condition isn’t entire clear, it’s believed to result from a mix of genetic and environmental factors. Factors like age and medical conditions can increase your risk. Treatment options vary depending on the severity and age of the patient, so consult with a ScoliSMART doctor for personalized advice.


In conclusion, while the exact cause is not always known, it is important to be aware of the risk factors and symptoms associated with this condition. Early detection and treatment can help manage the condition and prevent long-term effects. At ScoliSMART Clinic, we offer a comprehensive approach to treating curvatures of the spine, including non-invasive and alternative options like exercise, nutrient therapies, and chiropractic treatment. If you have any questions or concerns about treatment, don’t hesitate to reach out to our experts for guidance and support. Let us help you take control of your health today!