Scoliosis can be a scary word, especially if you or your child has been diagnosed with it. However, understanding the signs of scoliosis is the first step in managing the condition. In this blog post, we will cover everything you need to know about the condition – from the different types of scoliosis and symptoms in both children and adults to what causes scoliosis and how it is diagnosed. We will also discuss various treatment options available for scoliosis, including exercises, bracing, and spinal fusion surgery. Additionally, we will provide an overview of our review process for this article so that you can trust the information provided. Read on to learn all about it and gain a better understanding of this condition.

Types of scoliosis

Scoliosis is a condition that can affect anyone. There are various types of scoliosis which include idiopathic scoliosis (common type among adolescents during puberty), functional scoliosis (due to issues not related to the spine), degenerative scoliosis (in the lumbar spine of older adults), congenital scoliosis (present at birth in the womb like spina bifida), and neuromuscular scoliosis (occurring due to neuromuscular conditions). It is important to understand each type of curvature of the spine as it can lead to complications in posture, shoulder blade asymmetry, lower back pain, upper back pain, and rib cage, torso, and pelvis rotation. In rare cases, bladder issues can be the result of a curved spine.

get more information on our scoliosis exercise programs

Scoliosis symptoms in children

Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are vital for managing the condition in children. Look for signs such as uneven shoulder blade or hip heights, back pain during physical activity and postural changes. Early stage intervention is key to halting the progression of the spinal curve and avoiding complications like breathing problems and chronic pain. Seek professional help if you observe a scoliosis curve in your child.

Scoliosis symptoms in adults

Adults with the condition may experience back pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in their legs or feet as well as breathing and digestive difficulties. A curve of the spine requires regular monitoring to prevent complications. Depending on the severity of the condition, treatment options such as physical therapy, bracing or surgery may be necessary to manage the curvature of the spine.

Scoliosis symptoms in adults

What causes scoliosis?

The root cause of scoliosis is not fully understood, but genetic factors are often involved. Other potential causes include neuromuscular conditions, spinal abnormalities, poor posture, and growth spurts during adolescence. Detecting and treating spine curves early can help prevent it from worsening.

Possible complications

Complications related to scoliosis usually depend on the severity and progression of curvature of the spine. Back pain is the most common symptom, accompanied by numbness, tingling, and weakness in legs or feet. Breathing difficulties and digestive issues may also arise. Severe cases can even affect lung function and lead to chronic pain, reducing one’s quality of life. Early detection and treatment options such as bracing or surgery may help prevent further progression of spinal curves.

How is scoliosis diagnosed?

The condition is diagnosed through a physical examination where the doctor checks for any visible curve in the spine or unevenness in the shoulders, hips, or ribs. Imaging tests like X-rays or MRIs may be ordered to confirm diagnosis and determine severity. Early detection and treatment can prevent complications.

Exercises to treat scoliosis

Physical exercise plays a crucial role in managing scoliosis and preventing its progression. Exercises like stretching and strengthening can improve flexibility, posture and support the spine. Other activities like yoga and Pilates can also be helpful for people with the condition. It is crucial to consult a healthcare provider to develop an effective exercise plan that suits your individual needs.

Scoli fact 22

Click on the Scoli-Fact to see the rest of the Scoliosis Facts!

Early stage scoliosis intervention

Successful early stage intervention involves detecting it early. Depending on its severity and the patient’s age, various treatment options are available. Highly recommended are genetic testing and nutrient therapies. The ScoliSMART Activity Suit (SAS) is an excellent option for children with mild scoliosis – wearing it for just two hours a day has been proven as effective as a full-time brace.

Genetic testing for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Early detection is crucial in preventing or reducing the severity of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), the most common type of scoliosis that often has a genetic component. Genetic testing helps identify individuals at risk of developing AIS. Specific supplements are effective in aiding prevention and treatment. Contact a ScoliSMART doctor to learn more about genetic testing options.

Supplements for scoliosis

Supplements and nutrition play an important role in managing the condition. Strengthening bones with calcium (in the form of MCHC) and Vitamin D supplements is crucial for patients. Additionally, Omega-3 fatty acid supplements can alleviate pain and inflammation linked to the condition. Muscle relaxation is possible through Magnesium supplements while Vitamin C boost collagen for spine health.

Supplements for scoliosis

ScoliSMART Activity Suit

For individuals with the condition, there are non-surgical treatment options available, such as the ScoliSMART Activity Suit. This patented suit helps retrain the brain and muscles to correct spinal curvature, improving posture and reducing pain during daily activities like walking or running. The ScoliSMART Activity Suit has shown effectiveness in managing spine curve-related pain and posture improvement.

Small Curve Camp

Small Curve Camp is a helpful program for young children who have mild curves. The program focuses on exercises and strengthening techniques to stop the progression of the curvature. It also provides education on proper posture and body mechanics, ensuring that children maintain good spinal health throughout their lives. Small Curve Camp offers a supportive environment where children can connect with others sharing similar experiences. This program is a valuable tool in managing mild spinal curves before it requires more invasive treatment options, such as bracing or surgery.

Transform Your Child's Life With Scoliosis In As Little As 5 Days

Online consultation scheduling is available!

Schedule your no-cost, no-obligation phone or Zoom consultation online with a ScoliSMART physician. Visit the ScoliSMART BootCamp page and click the “Schedule Online” button at the top of the page. Then select the best date and time to connect with a physician. Schedule your consultation right here!

Bracing for young children

In young children, a back brace can be non-surgical treatment option. A brace type is chosen based on the child’s specific condition and needs. It’s essential to comply with wearing the brace to obtain optimal results. With regular follow-up appointments with a specialist, it’s possible to monitor progress and make necessary adjustments.

Back braces and their function

A back brace is one of the most common non-surgical treatment options for patients. It is intended to provide support to prevent the curvature from progressing. The type of brace used depends on several factors, including the severity and location of the curve, posture, shoulder blade position, muscular dystrophy, degenerative conditions, cerebral palsy, and other conditions that may cause a spinal curvature. Proper compliance with wearing the brace as directed by a doctor is essential for effective treatment. Physical therapy or surgery may also be recommended as part of a comprehensive treatment plan to address more severe cases.

Back braces and their function

Understanding the scoliosis brace

It’s worth noting that several types of braces are available. Underarm braces and Milwaukee braces are two examples. Depending on the curvature’s severity and location, your doctor might recommend a specific type of brace. Although it may be uncomfortable initially, wearing a back brace is critical for treating many people with the condition.

Fusion for scoliosis in adolescents

Fusion surgery is a viable option for adolescents with severe cases or those who don’t respond well to non-surgical treatments. The procedure involves fusing multiple vertebrae to stabilize and fix the curvature of the spine. Recovery may take months with physical therapy and pain management. Before taking any decision, it’s essential to discuss all available non-invasive treatment options and risks with your doctor.

Preparation for scoliosis surgery

Depending on the type of surgery, preparation involves a thorough physical examination, reviewing medical history, and imaging tests such as MRI, CT, or X-ray. Patients might have to stop taking medications/supplements and follow specific dietary instructions before surgery. It’s vital to clarify any doubts with your doctor before the surgical procedure. After surgery, post-operative care like physical therapy and follow-up appointments are essential for faster healing.

Surgery Should always be the last option

Fusion surgery and its risks

Spinal fusion surgery is a medical procedure that carries some risks like infection, nerve damage, or even spinal cord injury. After the operation, patients require physical therapy and rehabilitation to ensure proper healing and minimize the risk of complications and symptoms of the condition. However, surgery can improve the quality of life for people suffering from severe spinal curves, arthritis, or deformity in their spine curves. This surgical treatment is one of many types of surgeries that fuse or bone graft the backbone together with metal rods to correct the curvature of the spine without relying on bad posture or any other external factors.

Recovery from surgery

After undergoing fusion surgery to reduce the angle of the curve, patients require proper post-operative care to aide in a successful recovery. Recovery from this major procedure can be lengthy and include physical therapy or rehabilitation to reduce pain, swelling, and limited mobility. Following your doctor’s instructions is crucial to avoid risks like infection, bleeding, nerve damage, or spinal cord injuries. Quality of life improvements after surgery can be enhanced by joining a support group.

Recovery from surgery


The cause of the condition is still unknown, research strongly suggests it is linked to patterns of genetic variants. It can be treated using various non-surgical methods such as exercise and nutrient therapies. If left untreated, it can progress and lead to severe back pain, breathing problems, and other complications. Early detection and intervention are crucial to preventing further damage to the spine. At ScoliSMART Clinics, we offer innovative treatments such as the ScoliSMART Activity Suit and Small Curve Camps for early-stage intervention. For more information on treatment options, contact a ScoliSMART Clinic.